1867 - After the Civil War, settlers rushed to claim land in the Great Plains. The Native Americans in Kansas resisted this heedless encroachment of and began to attack the settlements, railroad workers and travelers heading west. To meet this emergency the War Department activated volunteer units to patrol and protect the settlements (The 14th Kansas Volunteer Cavalry, one of the first units at Fort Sill, was one of those). They were soon joined by elements of the U.S. 10th Cavalry - one of four Regular Army African American regiments composed of all-black enlisted men but almost entirely commanded by white officers. These men are often referred to as the “Buffalo Soldiers”, a nickname given them by the Native Americans.
1959 - The United States received its’ crowning star when President Dwight D. Eisenhower signed a proclamation that admitted Hawaii into the Union as the 50th state. The president also issued an order for an American flag featuring 50 stars arranged in staggered rows: five six-star rows and four five-star rows. The new flag became official July 4, 1960.