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TODAY IN HISTORY
CAPTIVE TRIBESMEN PROSPER IN BUSINESS

Apache Indians at Fort Sill Realize Large Sums From Sale of Cattle They Have Raised Themselves, Nucleus of Herd From Government.

Fort Sill, Okla., Nov. 19, 1910.—The two hundred sixty-nine Apache Indians on the Fort Sill military reservation, the remnant band of tribesmen who followed Geronimo in his southwestern raids, this week are receiving pay from the government—the last, probably, which will be dealt out by Lieut. George Purington who has had charge of the Apaches ever since the Kiowa-Comanche country was opened to settlement, but who recently was transferred to his command in the Philippines, the Eighth cavalry, while Major H. L. Scott, retired, was assigned to duty over the Apaches.

The Apache payment does not come like the annuity money of other Indian tribes but is merely the market return of their own labors. About twenty years ago, the government bought for the Apaches a herd of five hundred cattle, an average of one cow for each Indian. Each cow was branded with a number designated the ownership and, at the annual round-up each spring, the off-spring branded with the same numbers. In the round-up, the steers and old cows were cut out and placed on the market while the young heifers were kept in the herd. In that way, the herd increased rapidly until now it numbers more than ten thousand head. Many Indians of the tribe own individually as many as five hundred cattle.

Some, whose increase came early in steers, received more money early while others, whose cattle earlier in the game were mostly heifers, now have hundreds of cows to furnish marketable stuff. The Indian herds were given free range of the fifty-two thousand acres of pasture lands in the military reservation and in the winter subsisted on the hay cut by the Indians themselves and the little fields of corn which had been raised on the reservation.

In addition to the returns from cattle thus raised, the Apaches sell annually to the government a sufficient amount of hay and wood from the reservation for use at the post—an industry which in itself furnishes considerable income.

In the payment of this week, each Indian, where boy, girl or man, has received from $180 to $250 each, according to the number of cattle marketed and according to the work done in marking hay and wood. Asa Deklugle, chief of the remnant band, who has six in his family, received more than $1,200 and, after paying all of his debts, placed in the First National bank $600 which was left. Following the example of their chief, too, a number of the Apaches made substantial deposits for future use. “We hope to be released from Fort Sill some of these days, said Delklugle, “and to be allotted in a colony to ourselves [illegible] (Daily Oklahoman).