1847 - During the Mexican War, a U.S. Army of 5,000 effectively employed its field artillery to defeat the much larger Mexican army under Santa Anna at the Battle of Buena Vista. Capt. Braxton Bragg’s battery galloped into action at a critical time and successfully repelled a Mexican charge.
All was not coming up roses, though. O’Brien’s Bulldogs, a company of the 4th Artillery was over run and two six pounder cannons were captured by the Mexican army. The loss of the guns was without the loss of honor though, because on Aug. 20 during the battle of Contreras, Company G, 4th Artillery re-captured the guns and returned them to O’Brien’s Bulldogs.
1861 - As the Civil War loomed, Texas became the seventh state to secede from the Union.
1903 - Brig. Gen. Wallace F. Randolph became chief of artillery and served in this position until Jan. 21, 1904.
1921 - Sergeant Ensel Chambers of the 135th Aero Squadron of Post Field, Fort Sill, Okla. set a world altitude record for a parachute jump. Chambers jumped from a De Havilland airplane piloted by Lt. Paul T. Wagner from a height of 22,000 feet.
1945 - At the end of one of the toughest battles of World War II, U.S. Marines raised the American flag on the top of Mount Suribachi on Iwo Jima.