1856 - The U.S.S. Supply, commanded by Lt. David Dixon Porter, sailed from Smyrna, Syria headed for Indianola, Texas with a load of 21 camels. The camels were intended for experimental use in the American desert west of the Rocky Mountains. The experiment, which repeatedly demonstrated the rugged endurance of camels vs Army horses and mules (and soldiers), was doomed by the start of the Civil War and the tendency of Army horses and mules to fear the larger pack animals.
1913 - Army reorganization ordered the movement of the Third Battalion, Ninth Infantry from Fort Sill, Okla. to Fort Logan H. Roots, Ark.; and the Second Battalion, Nineteenth Infantry from Fort Sheridan, Ill. to Fort Sill. The purpose of the moves was to bring the organizations into proper positions as part of the brigades into which the mobile army was being formed (from the Calumet News newspaper, Calumet, Mich.).
1918 - The War Department established the Office of the Chief of Field Artillery to train and equip the Field Artillery for combat in World War I. Maj. Gen. William J. Snow, a former commandant of the School of Fire for Field Artillery, was the first chief.
1933 - President-elect Franklin D. Roosevelt escaped an assassination attempt in Miami, Fla. by Giuseppa Zangara, an unemployed New Jersey bricklayer. Zangara fired five pistol shots at the back of Roosevelt’s head from only 25 feet away. While all five rounds missed their target, each bullet found a separate victim - one of them hit Mayor Anton Cermak from Chicago. Cermack died a month later from complications of that shot.