1797 - The 44-gun 204-foot U.S. Navy frigate USS Constitution, which became known as "Old Ironsides," was launched in Boston’s harbor. She was not defeated in 42 battles. In March 2015 the ship went into dry dock for restoration and should be relaunched in 2018.
1867 - The Treaty of Oct. 21, 1867 reserved the land upon which Fort Sill sits for the Kiowa, Comanche, and Apache native American Indian tribes.
1861 - In the Civil War, a Union assault across the Potomac River north of Washington, DC, (at a site named Harrison’s landing or better known to history as “Ball’s Bluff”) resulted in heavy casualties. Among the dead was U.S. senator Edward D. Baker from Oregon. Commissioned a colonel in the Union army, he was the only seated member of Congress to die in combat during the Civil War.
1872 - The U.S. Naval Academy admitted John H. Conyers, the first African American to be accepted.
1913 - Among the exhibits along the “Irving Trail” at the Dry Farmers Congress in Tulsa, Okla. is one of the best concert bands in the country. The U.S. government sent the 40 piece Artillery Band from Fort Sill, Okla. to furnish music for all 10 days of the event.
1959 - President Dwight D. Eisenhower signed an executive order that transferred Wernher Von Braun and other German scientists from the Army to NASA. By the late 1960s, their rockets were taking men to the moon.