History

Constituted 1 July 1916 in the Regular Army as Troops A and B, 20th Cavalry. Organized 1 June 1917 at Fort Riley, Kansas. Consolidated, converted, and re-designated 18 November 1917 as Battery A, 78th Field Artillery, an element of the6th Division. Inactivated 7 September 1921 at Camp Grant, Illinois. (78th Field Artillery relieved 2 October 1939 from assignment to the 6th Division). Re-designated 15 July 1940 as Battery A, 78th Field Artillery Battalion, and activated at Fort Benning, Georgia, as an element of the 2d Armored Division. Re-designated 1 January 1942 as Battery A, 78th Armored Field Artillery.

Re-organized and re-designed 1 July 1957 as Headquarters and Headquarters Battery, 1st Howitzer Battalion, 78th Artillery, an element of the 2d Armored Division (organic elements concurrently constituted and activated). Re-designated 8 July 1963 as the 1st Battalion, 78th Artillery. Re-designated 1 September 1972 as the 1st Battalion, 78th Field Artillery. Inactivated 1 October 1983 at Fort Hood, Texas, and relieved from assignment to the 2d Armored Division Headquarters transferred 28 February 1987 to the United States Army Training and Doctrine Command and activated at Fort Sill, Oklahoma.

Campaign Participation Credit:

World War I
  • Streamer without inscription
World War II
  • Algeria-French Morocco (with arrowhead)
  • Sicily (with arrowhead)
  • Normandy
  • Northern France
  • Rhineland
  • Ardennes-Alsace
  • Central Europe
Decorations
  • Presidential Unit Citation (Army), Streamer embroidered NORMANDY (78th Armored Field Artillery Battalion cited; DA GO 28, 1948)
  • French Croix de Guerre with Silver Star, World War II, Streamer embroidered NORMANDY (78th Armored Field Artillery Battalion cited: WD GO 43, 1950)
  • Belgian Fourragere 1940 (78th Armored Field Artillery Battalion cited: DA GO 43, 1950)
  • Cited in the Order of the Day of the Belgian Army for action in Belgium (78th Armored Field Artillery Battalion cited: DA GO 43, 1950)
  • Cited in the Order of the Day of the Belgian Army for action in the Ardennes (78th Armored Field Artillery Battalion cited: DA GO 43, 1950)