1-19th Field Artillery Battalion 434th Field Artillery Brigade
A unit's lineage is a history of the unit, from its original formation to its current designation and location. Much like a family tree, the battalion's lineage is a source of pride and distinction for its soldiers. It serves as a reminder of those who have served before us to make our battalion a strong, reliable force within today's Army. Soldiers in the unit should become familiar with their lineage and the battles in which the battalion has served with honor, valor, and heroic distinction.
1st Battalion, 19th Field Artillery was constituted on 1 July 1916, in the Regular Army as Battery A, 19th Field Artillery. It was organized on 1 July 1917 at Camp Wilson, Texas. The 19th Field Artillery was assigned on 12 December 1917 to the 5th Division (later redesignated as the 5th Infantry Division). It was inactivated on 6 September 1921 at Camp Bragg, North Carolina, and again activated on 3 December 1934 at Fort Benjamin Harrison, Indiana.
The battalion was reorganized and redesignated on 1 October 1949 as Battery A, 19th Field Artillery Battalion. It was inactivated on 20 September 1946 at Camp Campbell, Kentucky, and later activated 15 July 1947 at Fort Jackson, South Carolina. The Battalion was again inactivated 30 April 1950 at Fort Jackson, South Carolina and activated on 1 March 1951 at Indiantown Gap Military Reservation, Pennsylvania. Another inactivated was conducted on 1 September 1953 at Indian Gap Military Reservation, and again activated on 25 May 1954 at Augsburg, Germany. The Battalion was reorganized and redesignated as Headquarter and Headquarters Battery, 1st Howitzer Battalion, 19th Artillery 1 June 1957 and relieved from assignment to the 5th Infantry Division with organic elements concurrently constituted and activated. The Battalion inactivated on 25 April 1961 at Fort Ord, California. On 19 February 1962, it was redesignated as the 1st Battalion, 19th Artillery, assigned to the 5th Infantry Division, and activated at Fort Carson, Colorado. It was relieved on 15 December 1970 from assignment to the 5th Infantry Division and assigned to the 4th Infantry Division. On 1 September 1971, it was redesignated and remains the 1st Battalion, 19th Field Artillery.
The 1st Battalion, 19th Field Artillery is a Basic Combat Training Battalion. The 1-19th mission is to receive Initial Entry Training (IET) soldiers and conduct Basic Combat Training (BCT) in order to transform volunteers into Soldiers who demonstrate the requiste character, values and possess a warrior spirit; competent and confident in their war fighting and technical skills; and who can successfully contribute to their first unit of assignment.