AIT Advanced Individual Training
"428th Field Artillery Brigade"
Welcome to the 1-78th Field Artillery Battalion, Fort Sill, Oklahoma – home of the Field Artillery. Our battalion motto is “Teamwork”. It is here where a Soldier learns to be a leader and to become a member of the nobles profession – a Field Artilleryman. This mission of the battalion is to train Soldiers in Field Artillery core competencies in order to provide proficient integrators of lethal and non-lethal fires to the operational force. 1-78th Field Artillery Battalion consists of the three distinct batteries which house and trains all seven (7) Military Occupational Skills for the Field Artillery Branch.
We are looking forward to you joining our team on your arrival to Fort Sill, Oklahoma. You have an important mission to accomplish. This unit has a high operational tempo; things move fast, so get ready to hit the ground running. We need you to arrive to the unit ready to contribute, personnel actions up-to-date, MEDPROs current, and in good physical condition. Physical fitness is important; you will complete an Army Physical Fitness Test (APFT) for record test within 7 days of arrival. As the “Teamwork” Battalion, we lead from the front, so expect the APFT standard to meet the Army Standard.
Fort Sill is located near Lawton, Oklahoma and is a unique post due to its geographical location and community relationship. The installation offers an array of recreational activities that you and your family members will enjoy. Economically, Fort Sill and Lawton are thriving. Affordable housing within the Lawton, Fort Sill area is abundant and those residing off-post enjoy an easy daily commute. Oklahoma City is one hour north and Dallas Fort Worth area is 3 hours to the South if you need a big city break from small life of Lawton/Fort Sill.
The Command Sergeant Major and I are confident that you will enjoy being part of our team. You should view your assignment with the battalion as challenging and rewarding. A sponsor has been assigned to you and will provide assistance in your transition to Fort Sill and reception/integration to your assigned unit. However, if you or your loved ones want more information about the unit or your AIT assignment please feel free to search using the hyperlinks provided below:
13B Cannon Crewmember(5 weeks, 4 days)
13D Fire Control Systems Specialist(7 weeks, 1 day)
13F Fire Support Specialist(8 weeks, 4 days)
13M Multiple Launch Rocket System Crewmember(6 weeks)
13P MLRS Automated Tactical Data System Specialist(6 weeks, 4 days)
13R Fire Finder Radar Operator(10 weeks)
13T Field Artillery Meteorological / Survey Crewmember(10 weeks, 1 day)
For Lodging information please select the link below to the Lawton Fort sill Chamber of Commerce. Ensure you make reservations, because it is expected to be crowded this time of year.
IHG Army Hotels
Lawton / Fort Sill Chamber of Commerce: Lodging
When making flight reservations, please keep in mind travel time to the airports (approximately 1.5 hours to Oklahoma City, and 20 minutes to Lawton Regional Airport), as well as additional time for the heightened security checks and airline check-in (approximately 1 hour at Oklahoma City / Will Rogers World Airport and 1 hour at Lawton Regional Airport). Please also note that you will encounter $3.25 in highway tolls when traveling on I44 (one way) from Oklahoma City. Please contact us with any questions about the above mentioned information or any questions you may have. Travel Safe!
Will Rodgers Airport - Oklahoma City, Oklahoma
Lawton - Ft. Sill Regional Airport - Lawton, Oklahoma
American Airlines - LAW/OKC
SouthWest Airlines - OKC only
Delta Airlines - OKC only
Continental Airlines - OKC only
The following commercial accommodations are all within 15 minutes of the Fort Sill Military Reservation. Ensure you make reservations, because it is expected to be crowded this time of year.
Busy Bee Cab
Additional Cabs / Transportaion in Lawton here: Transportation in Lawton, Oklahoma
|Alpha BTRY CQ||Bldg 4401 (580) 442-6002||A Btry FACEBOOK|
|Bravo BTRY CQ||Bldg 4403 (580) 442-4403||B Btry FACEBOOK|
|Charlie BTRY CQ||Bldg 2470 (580) 442-5322
Bldg 2471 (580) 442-6066
|C Btry FACEBOOK|
|National Guard||(405) 351-0425|
|Battalion HQ||Bldg 4402 (580) 442-6480||Staff Duty (580) 442-6480|
Advanced Individual Training (AIT), Military Occupational Specialty (MOS)
A Cannon Crewmember is an important part of the Army's success on the battlefield. Artillery teams are used to support infantry and tank units in combat, but also have responsibilities during peacetime. Cannon Crewmembers work on cannons known as 'howitzers,' a heavy artillery machine piece with single-barrel firing capability.
Duties performed by this MOS include:
- Integral member of a crew that operates high technology cannon artillery weapon systems.
- Loads and fires howitzers.
- Sets fuse and charge on a variety of munitions, including high explosive artillery rounds, laser guided projectiles, scatterable mines, and rocket assisted projectiles.
- Uses computer generated fire direction data to set elevation of cannon tube for loading and firing.
- Employs rifles, machine guns, and grenade and rocket launchers in offensive and defensive operations.
- Drives and operates heavy and light wheeled trucks and tracked vehicles.
- Transports and manages artillery ammunition.
- Participates in reconnaissance operations to include security operations and position preparation.
- Operates in reduced visibility environments with infrared and starlight enhanc ing night vision devices and other equipment.
- Coordinates movement into position.
- Camouflages position area.
- Communicates using voice and digital wire and radio equipment.
- Uses critical combat survival skills to operate in a hostile environment.
- Maintains opera tional readiness of vehicles and equipment.Supervises handling, transportation, accountability, and distribution of ammunition.
- Assists section chief in supervision of howitzer operations, maintenance, and training.
- Lays weapon for direction, conducts bore sighting and basic periodic tests.
- Supervises the operation, loading, and maintenance of the Field Artillery Ammunition Support Vehicle.
A Field Artillery Automated Tactical Data Systems Specialist (FAATDS) is an important member of the Army's field artillery team. FAATDS Specialists are primarily responsible for operating the Advanced Field Artillery Tactical Data Systems for both Cannon and Multiple Launch Rocket Systems (MLRS). Field Artillery Automated Tactical Data Systems Specialists play a critical role in the safe, accurate, and lethal delivery of the Field Artillery's various fire support systems. Both cannon and MLRS systems are used to support infantry and tank units in combat.
Duties performed by this MOS include:
- Establishes, maintains and operates communications systems.
- Assists in preparation of computer center for operation and shutdown.
- Prepares field artillery tactical data systems for operation to include cabling, installation, and removal procedures.
- Inputs initialization data and data base information to field artillery tactical data systems.
- Maintain fire capabilities maps and charts.
- Operates and performs operator maintenance on field artillery tactical data systems equipment, section vehicles and generators associated with field artillery tactical data systems.
- Performs crew maintenance and participates in organizational maintenance of section equipment.
- Assists field artillery tactical data systems noncommissioned officer in supervision of all fire control operations in multiple launch rocket system platoon fire direction center.
- Operates field artillery tactical data systems at multiple launch rocket system battery and battalion, cannon battalion and higher echelons.
- Performs computer operations including fire mission processing, fire plan schedules and data base construction.
- Initiates computer center operations, including establishing control information, communications with digital subscribers and data base initialization.
- Performs operator, crew and organizational maintenance on section equipment.
A fire support specialist serves with the Army's field artillery team. Artillery Soldiers use weapons that fire large rounds, rockets or missiles to support infantry and tank units in combat. The fire support specialist leads, supervises or serves in intelligence activities such as target processing for artillery units and maneuver brigades.
Duties performed by this MOS include:
- Lead and train the forward observer team and combat observation lasing technician in combat operations.
- Prepare observer target lists and assist in formulating offensive and defensive fire support plans.
- Initiate requests and adjust field artillery, mortar and naval gunfire using all methods of adjustment including continuous and coordinated illumination.
- Initiate suppressive and screening fire to support scheme of maneuver and perform crater analysis.
- Select and occupy observation post. Orient map and prepare terrain sketch and visibility diagram.
A Multiple Launch Rocket System (MLRS) crew member plays an important part of the Army's combat team. MLRS teams support infantry and tank units and supplement cannon artillery in combat. The MLRS launches various missiles in quick strikes during combat. The crewmembers operate and maintain the entire MLRS system.
Duties performed by this MOS include:
- Make manual fire control entries and enter meteorological data into the fire control system.
- Fire weapon on command
- Perform fire control system diagnostic test using built-in test equipment
- Prepare launcher-loader module for reload and performs maintenance operations
- Conduct reconnaissance to determine routes and precise firing location sites.
A Multiple Launch Rocket System (MLRS) Automated Tactical Data Systems specialist supports infantry and tank units while supplementing cannon artillery in combat. The MLRS launches various missiles in quick strikes during combat. This specialist records and transmits the firing data for the MLRS.
Duties performed by this MOS include:
- Record and transmit firing data using the fire direction system and voice radio
- Operate fire direction systems, Platoon Leaders Digital Message Device and MLRS communications equipment
- Participate in gathering of operations and intelligence data
- Plot using fire capability charts and friendly and enemy situation maps
- Record ammunition expenditure, equipment serviceability, situation, firing point, target and mission reports
- Drive section vehicles and perform operator/crew maintenance on section vehicles, generators and equipment
- Aid in collection and transmission of data
- Install, maintain and operate radio wire communications, digital communications devices and secure voice equipment
- Assist in leading and directing fire direction personnel
- Lead other Soldiers in MLRS platoon fire direction center
- Plot information using firing capabilities chart, friendly and enemy situation maps
- Operate fire direction systems, platoon leaders digital message device, and MLRS communications equipment. Converts fire orders to fire command
The weapon locating radar operator is crucial to the Army’s Field Artillery radar team. Weapon locating radars use radio frequencies at the speed of light to detect artillery, rockets and mortars. The WLR operator uses the radar to detect enemy indirect weapons systems by following the track of their artillery rounds. The radar operator then transmits the data to a fire direction center for clearance of fires. The center sends targeting data to artillery batteries to destroy those weapons in a timely manner. The radar operator adds to force protection as the “radar eyes” of a brigade combat team.
The radar operator provides gun registration for firing batteries utilizing six buffers for six artillery pieces firing one round at a time tracking on the descending leg of the trajectory for verification normally performed during peacetime operations.
Duties performed by these radar operators include:
- Emplaces and displaces the radar and ancillary equipment
- Initializes and operates all radar and ancillary equipment
- Determines and corrects the altitudes of weapon locations from a contour map, when required
- Transmits the point of origin to the counterfire operations section or as directed
- Maintains record of transmitted locations
- Operates and performs maintenance on the radar's prime movers
- Performs unit maintenance using built-in-test/built-in-test-equipment, fault detection and isolation
- Isolates failures to a line replaceable unit or shop replaceable unit that can be replaced by a crewmember
- Provides local security
The field artillery surveyor/meteorological crewmembers monitor weather conditions so the field artillery team can fire cannon and launch missiles accurately. Their role is crucial in the support of infantry and tank units during combat.
Duties performed by this MOS include:
- Operate meteorological, peripheral and computer equipment
- Perform astronomic observations
- Prepare meteorological balloons for launching
- Develop meteorology data, record field data, prepare schematic sketches and mark survey stations
- Perform maintenance on vehicles, radios, weapons and all survey equipment
AIT Frequently Ask Questions (FAQ's)
Soldiers in AIT learn skills concerning their military occupational skill (MOS). An MOS defines a Soldier's primary skill in the Army. MOSs are: 13B - Cannoneer Crewman, 13D - Field Artillery Tactical Data Systems Specialist, 13F Fire Support Specialist, 13M - Multiple Launch Rocket System Crewmember, 13P - Multiple Launch Rocket System Operations & Fire Direction Specialist, 13R - Field Artillery Firefinder Radar Operator, 13T - Field Artillery Surveyor/ Meteorological Crewmember. During AIT, Soldiers continue the "soldierization" process, with an increasing emphasis on individual responsibilities. MOS instructors continue to teach Soldier's military education through training on physical fitness, the Army Values, attention to detail, learning to cope with stress, and Warrior Tasks and Battle Drills.
Soldiers in the first two phases of AIT (Phases IV and V of initial entry training) or Soldiers who have not attained the training standard live in three-four Soldier rooms. Soldiers who attain training standards and are in training 21 weeks or longer (Phase V+) live in two Soldier rooms. Soldiers who are already MOS trained (MOS-T) and are entering AIT for an additional MOS also live in two Soldier rooms. Female Soldiers live separately from male Soldiers.
Yes, however if you are a National Guard or Reserve Soldier, transportation arrangements will be made for you to your home of record. Therefore you must inform the PLT Sergeant as soon as you know your parents or spouse are coming to pick you up. Travel arrangements are made 3 days prior to the Soldiers graduation; without prior notification the Soldier will be required to take government arranged transportation.
TRADOC Regulation 350-6 dictates that IET recruit tattoo/brand policies apply to all Active Army, United States Army Reserve, and Army National Guard Soldiers whether non-prior service or prior service. As the" Soldierization" process continues, Soldiers gain knowledge of regulations and acceptable behaviors therefore it is strongly discourage for any Soldier in an IET status to obtain a physical marking (Branding or Tattoo) which may prohibit him/her from further military service.
No, the Battalion Commanders Policy Letter #12 strictly prohibits the use of weight training or dietary supplements.
Yes, however the Commanders, with the advice of their platoon sergeants, determine if an IET student continues to demonstrate the maturity to use a cellular telephone, PDA, or similar device. Use of these devices is a privilege that the Soldier's Battery-level commander may deny. No cell phone use will be permitted during any time Soldiers are involved in a training event.
Soldiers who have family members that attend BCT graduation and will be staying in the Lawton/Fort Sill area for the weekend may be granted a pass. The pass is good for the following times and days:
The day of graduation – Soldier can be signed out from 1-78 FA AIT after In Processing the Battalion and Battery is complete.
- 8:00pm – must sign Soldier in
- Saturday – 9:00am sign Soldier out
- 8:00pm - must sign Soldier in
- Sunday - 9:00am sign Soldier out
- 3:00pm - must sign Soldier in
On the day of BCT Graduation Soldiers must complete out-processing from the BCT unit, transfer all military equipment, personnel gear and documentation to the gaining unit (AIT). Upon arrival Soldiers will complete in-processing with the "Teamwork" Battalion in BLDG 4402 and be assigned to the respective Battery according to their MOS (Military Occupational Specialty). Once assigned to the subordinate Battery, Soldiers are escorted by Cadre members to various locations with their gear. Once Soldiers arrive at their respective Battery they will be required to in-process. This in-processing is lengthy and time consuming which entails issue of living space, wall locker, bed linen, introduction to the Battalion Commanders Policy letters and multiple other actions to ensure the Soldiers Safety and accountability. Family members should be prepared to wait between 1-2 hours for the Soldier to be fully in-processed into the new unit. Soldiers will be permitted to call family members once they are complete and authorized for release.
Soldiers in AIT learn skills concerning their military occupational skill (MOS). An MOS defines a Soldier's primary skill in the Army. MOSs are: 13B - Cannoneer Crewman, 13D - Field Artillery Tactical Data Systems Specialist, 13F Fire Support Specialist, 13M - Multiple Launch Rocket System Crewmember, 13P - Multiple Launch Rocket System Operations & Fire Direction Specialist, 13R - Field Artillery Fire finder Radar Operator. During AIT, Soldiers continue the "soldierization" process, with an increasing emphasis on individual responsibilities. MOS instructors continue each Soldier's military education through training on, physical fitness, the Army Values, attention to detail, learning to cope with stress, and Warrior Tasks and Battle Drills.
Soldiers must pass all of the academic requirements for his MOS, score a minimum of 60-points on each event on the Army Physical Readiness Test events, show proficiency in Warrior Tasks and Battle Drills, , meet the minimum physical and mental requirements for service, and most importantly, demonstrate a willingness to live the Army Values.
Soldiers in AIT Phases IV and V should bring their military issue of clothing and retained equipment, shaving and hygiene materials, towels and washcloths, and two sets of casual civilian clothing.
Soldiers should not bring knives, guns, drugs (except authorized prescription drugs) or drug paraphernalia, martial arts weapons, pornography, possible inhalants, weight training or health supplements, alcohol, tobacco, televisions or computers (except as noted above for Phase V+ and MOS-T Soldiers), or items valued in excess of $200.
Depending on the training schedule and a Soldier's demonstrated performance and maturity, a commander may grant leave or either an on-post or an off-post pass.Never assume that you will be able to visit a Soldier or have a Soldier visit without first discussing the Soldier's training schedule with him. Although commanders may grant both passes and leave, both are contingent on the training schedule. AIT trains on most Saturdays. Additionally, commanders may grant leave for emergencies. You should contact the American Red Cross when such an emergency exists. Although the American Red Cross does not grant leave, the message they provide allows the commander to make decisions based on the nature of the emergency. Finally, when Soldier's graduate from AIT and do not have a scheduled follow-on course, each may take up to 10 days of leave before reporting to his U.S-based assignment or 14 days leave for assignments overseas or in Alaska or Hawaii.
Two-way communication between families and Soldiers exists through various methods. The U.S. Postal Service and similar mail delivery services deliver both letters and packages Monday - Friday of each week (not including Federal Holidays). Each Soldier, when not in class or other training, is authorized access to the internet within local restrictions. The Army's "portal", known as Army Knowledge Online (AKO) is the primary means of internet communication for Soldiers throughout the world. All Soldiers should forward their .com email address to their AKO email address, as local restrictions prevent Soldiers from accessing .com email sites using U.S. Army computers. In addition, commanders may authorize Soldiers demonstrating maturity and meeting the training standard the use of cellular telephones when they are not actively training.
NO. The Army does not authorize Soldiers in the first two phases of AIT (Phase IV and V) accompanied travel.
Your Solider is the best source of information concerning his or her graduation, travel and leave plans, and follow-on assignments. Additionally, each battery web page lists a telephone number that you may call for the latest information concerning graduations.