Dear Soldier,

Welcome to the 1-78th Field Artillery Battalion, Fort Sill, Oklahoma. It is here It is here where a Soldier learns to be a leader and to become a member of the Army’s most deadly branch-the Field Artillery. The battalion’s mission is to conduct Field Artillery Advanced Individual Training in order to provide the Army with combat ready, skill level one Soldiers qualified in Field Artillery core competencies. The “Teamwork” battalion consist of five batteries which house and train all Field Artillery Military Occupational Specialties for the Army.

We are looking forward to you joining our team! You have an important mission to accomplish. Our battalion has a high operational tempo; things move quickly, so get ready to hit the ground running. We need you to arrive to the unit ready to contribute, with personnel actions up-to-date, MEDPROs current, and in good physical condition, and mentally ready to train. Physical fitness is important; you will complete a diagnostic Army Combat Fitness Test (ACFT) after arrival. As cadre, you are expected to be professional at all times and set a high example as we lead and train the future Leaders of our professional branch.

Fort Sill is located near Lawton, Oklahoma and is a unique post due to its geographical location, history, and community relationship. The installation offers an array of recreational activities that you and your family members will enjoy. Economically, Fort Sill and Lawton are thriving. Affordable housing within the Lawton, Fort Sill area is available and those residing off-post enjoy an easy daily commute. Oklahoma City is one hour north and Dallas Fort Worth area is 3 hours to the South.

The Command Sergeant Major and I are confident that you will enjoy being part of our team. You should view your assignment with the battalion as challenging and rewarding. A sponsor has been assigned to you and will provide assistance during reception and integration into the battalion. If you or your loved ones would like more information about the battalion or your assignment, please check out our Facebook page 1-78 Field Artillery Battalion Facebook page or our website 1-78 Field Artillery Battalion Homepage


13B Cannon Crewmember(5 weeks, 4 days)
13J Fire Control Specialist (7 Weeks, 0 Days)
13F Fire Support Specialist(8 weeks, 4 days)
13M Multiple Launch Rocket System Crewmember(6 weeks)
13R Fire Finder Radar Operator(10 weeks)

For Lodging information please select the link below to the Lawton Fort sill Chamber of Commerce. Ensure you make reservations, because it is expected to be crowded this time of year.

IHG Army Hotels
Lawton / Fort Sill Chamber of Commerce: Lodging

When making flight reservations, please keep in mind travel time to the airports (approximately 1.5 hours to Oklahoma City, and 20 minutes to Lawton Regional Airport), as well as additional time for the heightened security checks and airline check-in (approximately 1 hour at Oklahoma City / Will Rogers World Airport and 1 hour at Lawton Regional Airport). Please also note that you will encounter $3.25 in highway tolls when traveling on I44 (one way) from Oklahoma City. Please contact us with any questions about the above mentioned information or any questions you may have. Travel Safe!

Will Rodgers Airport - Oklahoma City, Oklahoma

Lawton - Ft. Sill Regional Airport - Lawton, Oklahoma

American Airlines - LAW/OKC

SouthWest Airlines - OKC only

Delta Airlines - OKC only

Continental Airlines - OKC only

Car Rental
The following commercial accommodations are all within 15 minutes of the Fort Sill Military Reservation. Ensure you make reservations, because it is expected to be crowded this time of year.

Hertz Rental

Budget Rental

Enterprise Rental

Yellow Cab

Busy Bee Cab

Checker Cab

Additional Cabs / Transportaion in Lawton here: Transportation in Lawton, Oklahoma

Alpha BTRY CQ Bldg 4401 (580) 442-6002 A Btry FACEBOOK
Bravo BTRY CQ Bldg 4403 (580) 442-4403 B Btry FACEBOOK
Charlie BTRY CQ Bldg 2436 (580) 442-5322/6066 C Btry FACEBOOK
Delta BTRY CQ BLDG 2470 (580)442-8878
CQ BLDG 2471 (580) 442-8918
Echo Battery CQ BLDG 2840 (580) 442-5332
National Guard (405) 351-0425  
Battalion HQ Bldg 4402 (580) 442-6480 Staff Duty (580) 442-6480

Advanced Individual Training (AIT), Military Occupational Specialty (MOS)

A Cannon Crewmember is an important part of the Army's success on the battlefield. Artillery teams are used to support infantry and tank units in combat, but also have responsibilities during peacetime. Cannon Crewmembers work on cannons known as 'howitzers,' a heavy artillery machine piece with single-barrel firing capability.

Duties performed by this MOS include:

  • Integral member of a crew that operates high technology cannon artillery weapon systems.
  • Loads and fires howitzers.
  • Sets fuse and charge on a variety of munitions, including high explosive artillery rounds, laser guided projectiles, scatterable mines, and rocket assisted projectiles.
  • Uses computer generated fire direction data to set elevation of cannon tube for loading and firing.
  • Employs rifles, machine guns, and grenade and rocket launchers in offensive and defensive operations.
  • Drives and operates heavy and light wheeled trucks and tracked vehicles.
  • Transports and manages artillery ammunition.
  • Participates in reconnaissance operations to include security operations and position preparation.
  • Operates in reduced visibility environments with infrared and starlight enhanc ing night vision devices and other equipment.
  • Coordinates movement into position.
  • Camouflages position area.
  • Communicates using voice and digital wire and radio equipment.
  • Uses critical combat survival skills to operate in a hostile environment.
  • Maintains opera tional readiness of vehicles and equipment.Supervises handling, transportation, accountability, and distribution of ammunition.
  • Assists section chief in supervision of howitzer operations, maintenance, and training.
  • Lays weapon for direction, conducts bore sighting and basic periodic tests.
  • Supervises the operation, loading, and maintenance of the Field Artillery Ammunition Support Vehicle.
» Click here for a Short Video

A fire support specialist serves with the Army's field artillery team. Artillery Soldiers use weapons that fire large rounds, rockets or missiles to support infantry and tank units in combat. The fire support specialist leads, supervises or serves in intelligence activities such as target processing for artillery units and maneuver brigades.

Duties performed by this MOS include:

  • Lead and train the forward observer team and combat observation lasing technician in combat operations.
  • Prepare observer target lists and assist in formulating offensive and defensive fire support plans.
  • Initiate requests and adjust field artillery, mortar and naval gunfire using all methods of adjustment including continuous and coordinated illumination.
  • Initiate suppressive and screening fire to support scheme of maneuver and perform crater analysis.
  • Select and occupy observation post. Orient map and prepare terrain sketch and visibility diagram.
» Click here for a Short Video

A Multiple Launch Rocket System (MLRS) crew member plays an important part of the Army's combat team. MLRS teams support infantry and tank units and supplement cannon artillery in combat. The MLRS launches various missiles in quick strikes during combat. The crewmembers operate and maintain the entire MLRS system.

Duties performed by this MOS include:

  • Make manual fire control entries and enter meteorological data into the fire control system.
  • Fire weapon on command
  • Perform fire control system diagnostic test using built-in test equipment
  • Prepare launcher-loader module for reload and performs maintenance operations
  • Conduct reconnaissance to determine routes and precise firing location sites.
» Click here for a Short Video

The Fire Control Specialist employs automated computer based systems used in all U.S. Army echelons across multiple weapon systems and formations in order to facilitate the delivery and integration of joint fires in support of combat operations. The Fire Control Specialist integrates and processes tactical battlefield information from multiple users and sensors through a network of Army and JOINT automated battle command systems.

Duties performed by this MOS include:

  • Establishes, maintains and operates communications systems.
  • Assists in preparation of computer center for operation and shutdown.
  • Prepares field artillery tactical data systems for operation to include cabling, installation, and removal procedures.
  • Inputs initialization data and data base information to field artillery tactical data systems.
  • Participate in gathering of operations and intelligence data.
  • Maintain fire capabilities maps and charts, Plot using fire capability charts and friendly and enemy situation maps.
  • Operates and performs operator maintenance on field artillery tactical data systems equipment, section vehicles and generators associated with field artillery tactical data systems.
  • Performs crew maintenance and participates in organizational maintenance of section equipment.
  • Assists field artillery tactical data systems noncommissioned officer in supervision of all fire control operations in fire direction center.
  • Record ammunition expenditure, equipment serviceability, situation, firing point, target and mission reports
  • Operates field artillery tactical data systems at multiple battery and battalion, cannon battalion and higher echelons.
  • Performs computer operations including fire mission processing, fire plan schedules and data base construction, Converts fire orders to fire command.
  • Initiates computer center operations, including establishing control information, communications with digital subscribers and data base initialization.
  • Assist in leading and directing fire direction personnel.
  • Performs operator, crew and organizational maintenance on section equipment.

The weapon locating radar operator is crucial to the Army’s Field Artillery radar team. Weapon locating radars use radio frequencies at the speed of light to detect artillery, rockets and mortars. The WLR operator uses the radar to detect enemy indirect weapons systems by following the track of their artillery rounds. The radar operator then transmits the data to a fire direction center for clearance of fires. The center sends targeting data to artillery batteries to destroy those weapons in a timely manner. The radar operator adds to force protection as the “radar eyes” of a brigade combat team.

The radar operator provides gun registration for firing batteries utilizing six buffers for six artillery pieces firing one round at a time tracking on the descending leg of the trajectory for verification normally performed during peacetime operations.

Duties performed by these radar operators include:

  • Emplaces and displaces the radar and ancillary equipment
  • Initializes and operates all radar and ancillary equipment
  • Determines and corrects the altitudes of weapon locations from a contour map, when required
  • Transmits the point of origin to the counterfire operations section or as directed
  • Maintains record of transmitted locations
  • Operates and performs maintenance on the radar's prime movers
  • Performs unit maintenance using built-in-test/built-in-test-equipment, fault detection and isolation
  • Isolates failures to a line replaceable unit or shop replaceable unit that can be replaced by a crewmember
  • Provides local security
» Click here for a Short Video

AIT Frequently Ask Questions (FAQ's)

Soldiers in AIT learn skills concerning their military occupational skill (MOS). An MOS defines a Soldier's primary skill in the Army. MOSs are: 13B - Cannoneer Crewman, 13D - Field Artillery Tactical Data Systems Specialist, 13F Fire Support Specialist, 13M - Multiple Launch Rocket System Crewmember, 13P - Multiple Launch Rocket System Operations & Fire Direction Specialist, 13R - Field Artillery Firefinder Radar Operator, 13T - Field Artillery Surveyor/ Meteorological Crewmember. During AIT, Soldiers continue the "soldierization" process, with an increasing emphasis on individual responsibilities. MOS instructors continue to teach Soldier's military education through training on physical fitness, the Army Values, attention to detail, learning to cope with stress, and Warrior Tasks and Battle Drills.

Soldiers in the first two phases of AIT (Phases IV and V of initial entry training) or Soldiers who have not attained the training standard live in three-four Soldier rooms. Soldiers who attain training standards and are in training 21 weeks or longer (Phase V+) live in two Soldier rooms. Soldiers who are already MOS trained (MOS-T) and are entering AIT for an additional MOS also live in two Soldier rooms. Female Soldiers live separately from male Soldiers.

Yes, however if you are a National Guard or Reserve Soldier, transportation arrangements will be made for you to your home of record. Therefore you must inform the PLT Sergeant as soon as you know your parents or spouse are coming to pick you up. Travel arrangements are made 3 days prior to the Soldiers graduation; without prior notification the Soldier will be required to take government arranged transportation.

TRADOC Regulation 350-6 dictates that IET recruit tattoo/brand policies apply to all Active Army, United States Army Reserve, and Army National Guard Soldiers whether non-prior service or prior service. As the" Soldierization" process continues, Soldiers gain knowledge of regulations and acceptable behaviors therefore it is strongly discourage for any Soldier in an IET status to obtain a physical marking (Branding or Tattoo) which may prohibit him/her from further military service.

No, the Battalion Commanders Policy Letter #12 strictly prohibits the use of weight training or dietary supplements.

Yes, however the Commanders, with the advice of their platoon sergeants, determine if an IET student continues to demonstrate the maturity to use a cellular telephone, PDA, or similar device. Use of these devices is a privilege that the Soldier's Battery-level commander may deny. No cell phone use will be permitted during any time Soldiers are involved in a training event.

Soldiers who have family members that attend BCT graduation and will be staying in the Lawton/Fort Sill area for the weekend may be granted a pass. The pass is good for the following times and days:
The day of graduation – Soldier can be signed out from 1-78 FA AIT after In Processing the Battalion and Battery is complete.

  • 8:00pm – must sign Soldier in
  • Saturday – 9:00am sign Soldier out
  • 8:00pm - must sign Soldier in
  • Sunday - 9:00am sign Soldier out
  • 3:00pm - must sign Soldier in
Only Soldiers with immediate family members (Father, Mother, grandparents and/or Spouse) will be able to sign the Soldier out for a weekend pass following BCT graduation. Fiancées, boyfriends or girlfriends WILL NOT be permitted to sign the Soldier out. Soldiers can be signed back in at any time during the time period they are signed out

On the day of BCT Graduation Soldiers must complete out-processing from the BCT unit, transfer all military equipment, personnel gear and documentation to the gaining unit (AIT). Upon arrival Soldiers will complete in-processing with the "Teamwork" Battalion in BLDG 4402 and be assigned to the respective Battery according to their MOS (Military Occupational Specialty). Once assigned to the subordinate Battery, Soldiers are escorted by Cadre members to various locations with their gear. Once Soldiers arrive at their respective Battery they will be required to in-process. This in-processing is lengthy and time consuming which entails issue of living space, wall locker, bed linen, introduction to the Battalion Commanders Policy letters and multiple other actions to ensure the Soldiers Safety and accountability. Family members should be prepared to wait between 1-2 hours for the Soldier to be fully in-processed into the new unit. Soldiers will be permitted to call family members once they are complete and authorized for release.

Soldiers in AIT learn skills concerning their military occupational skill (MOS). An MOS defines a Soldier's primary skill in the Army. MOSs are: 13B - Cannoneer Crewman, 13D - Field Artillery Tactical Data Systems Specialist, 13F Fire Support Specialist, 13M - Multiple Launch Rocket System Crewmember, 13P - Multiple Launch Rocket System Operations & Fire Direction Specialist, 13R - Field Artillery Fire finder Radar Operator. During AIT, Soldiers continue the "soldierization" process, with an increasing emphasis on individual responsibilities. MOS instructors continue each Soldier's military education through training on, physical fitness, the Army Values, attention to detail, learning to cope with stress, and Warrior Tasks and Battle Drills.

Soldiers must pass all of the academic requirements for his MOS, score a minimum of 60-points on each event on the Army Physical Readiness Test events, show proficiency in Warrior Tasks and Battle Drills, , meet the minimum physical and mental requirements for service, and most importantly, demonstrate a willingness to live the Army Values.

Soldiers in AIT Phases IV and V should bring their military issue of clothing and retained equipment, shaving and hygiene materials, towels and washcloths, and two sets of casual civilian clothing.

Soldiers should not bring knives, guns, drugs (except authorized prescription drugs) or drug paraphernalia, martial arts weapons, pornography, possible inhalants, weight training or health supplements, alcohol, tobacco, televisions or computers (except as noted above for Phase V+ and MOS-T Soldiers), or items valued in excess of $200.

Depending on the training schedule and a Soldier's demonstrated performance and maturity, a commander may grant leave or either an on-post or an off-post pass.Never assume that you will be able to visit a Soldier or have a Soldier visit without first discussing the Soldier's training schedule with him. Although commanders may grant both passes and leave, both are contingent on the training schedule. AIT trains on most Saturdays. Additionally, commanders may grant leave for emergencies. You should contact the American Red Cross when such an emergency exists. Although the American Red Cross does not grant leave, the message they provide allows the commander to make decisions based on the nature of the emergency. Finally, when Soldier's graduate from AIT and do not have a scheduled follow-on course, each may take up to 10 days of leave before reporting to his U.S-based assignment or 14 days leave for assignments overseas or in Alaska or Hawaii.

Two-way communication between families and Soldiers exists through various methods. The U.S. Postal Service and similar mail delivery services deliver both letters and packages Monday - Friday of each week (not including Federal Holidays). Each Soldier, when not in class or other training, is authorized access to the internet within local restrictions. The Army's "portal", known as Army Knowledge Online (AKO) is the primary means of internet communication for Soldiers throughout the world. All Soldiers should forward their .com email address to their AKO email address, as local restrictions prevent Soldiers from accessing .com email sites using U.S. Army computers. In addition, commanders may authorize Soldiers demonstrating maturity and meeting the training standard the use of cellular telephones when they are not actively training.

NO. The Army does not authorize Soldiers in the first two phases of AIT (Phase IV and V) accompanied travel.

Your Solider is the best source of information concerning his or her graduation, travel and leave plans, and follow-on assignments. Additionally, each battery web page lists a telephone number that you may call for the latest information concerning graduations.