On the cover: Marines with Battery A, Ground Combat Element Integrated Task Force fire a M795 High Explosive projectile during a fire mission as part of the Marine Corps Operational Test and Evaluation Activity assessment at Gun Position Quackenbush, Marine Corps Air Ground Combat Center Twentynine Palms, California, March 4, 2015. From October 2014 to July 2015, the GCEITF will conduct individual and collective level skills training in designated ground combat arms occupational specialties in order to facilitate the standards-based assessment of the physical performance of Marines in a simulated operating environment performing specific ground combat arms tasks. Photo by Lance Cpl. Manuel R. Benavides, U.S. Marine Corps



Jennifer McFadden-Allen

Art Director:

Rickey Paape, Jr.

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Fires, a professional bulletin, is published bimonthly by Headquarters, Department of the Army under the auspices of the Fires Center of Excellence, 455 McNair Ave., Fort Sill, OK 73503. The views expressed within are those of the authors and not the Department of Defense or its elements. The content contained within Fires does not necessarily reflect the U.S. Army’s position or supercede information in other official publications. Use of new items constitutes neither affirmation of their accuracy nor product endorsements. Fires assumes no responsibility for any unsolicited material. By Order of the Secretary of the Army:

Raymond T. Odierno, General, United States Army, Chief of Staff. Official:

Gerald B. O’Keefe signature

Gerald B. O’Keefe
Administrative Assistant to the
Secretary of the Army,
Auth. 104144-000

Major General John G. Rossi signature

John G. Rossi
Major General, United States Army
Commanding General, Fort Sill, Okla.


Originally founded as the Field Artillery Journal, Fires serves as a forum for the discussions of all Fires professionals, both active and reserve components; disseminates professional knowledge about progress, development and best use in campaigns; cultivates a common understanding of the power, limitations and application of joint Fires, both lethal and nonlethal; fosters joint Fires interdependency among the armed services; and promotes the understanding of and interoperability between the branches, all of which contribute to the good of the Army, joint and combined forces, and our nation.


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